Is WhatsApp HIPAA compliant?

WhatsApp is a widely-used messaging application that allows users to send text messages, voice messages, make voice and video calls, and share images, documents, user locations, and other media. Known for its end-to-end encryption, it assures that only you and the person you're communicating with can read what is sent. WhatsApp is available on a variety of platforms including iOS, Android, and desktop, facilitating easy and secure communication across devices.

Screenshot of WhatsApp showing sample conversations

WhatsApp in healthcare

In a healthcare context, WhatsApp can be employed in both telehealth and in-person care settings. For telehealth, WhatsApp could serve as a platform for patient communication - sending reminders for appointments, sharing health advice, or giving brief consultations. It can also aid internal communication among the healthcare team, facilitating quick information exchange or coordination on patient care. Its ability to share documents can be beneficial for discussing patient reports or treatment plans.

WhatsApp and HIPAA compliance

While WhatsApp uses strong encryption protocols for message security, it is not inherently HIPAA compliant. The company currently does not sign a Business Associate Agreement (BAA), which is a requirement for HIPAA compliance. Furthermore, while the messages are encrypted, the backups of the messages may not be, posing a potential risk to the security of PHI (Protected Health Information). Therefore, healthcare organizations that are covered entities should be cautious and avoid using WhatsApp for exchanging sensitive health information, unless additional safeguards are implemented to ensure the security and privacy of the data.

Staying HIPAA Compliant

Take a look at our ultimate guide to HIPAA compliant software and services for help selecting compliant service providers. Though careful vendor evaluation and selection is only one piece of the puzzle for maintaining HIPAA compliance. At TeachMeHIPAA, we offer an affordable HIPAA training solution to ensure your staff are knowledgeable in how to comply, and to help you meet your legally mandated HIPAA training requirement with ease. Learn more about our tips and tricks for maintaining compliance with our HIPAA compliance blog